DrOmics Labs


Forging the Future: Advancing Cell-Based Therapeutics through Engineering

Engineering the next generation of cell-based therapeutics is a rapidly evolving field that aims to overcome the challenges faced by current cell therapies, such as identifying the appropriate cell source, generating a viable and potent product, and developing scalable manufacturing processes. Some of the strategies being leveraged to enhance cell therapies include:

  1. Synthetic biology : This field has the potential to deliver engineering solutions that augment and even reprogram native cellular function using emerging biological and synthetic biology techniques.
  2. Biomaterials : The use of biomaterials can help improve the safety and efficacy of cell therapies by providing a supportive environment for cell growth and differentiation.
  3. Gene therapy and gene editing : These technologies are being used to create stem cell derivatives with specificity and responsiveness compared to their natural counterparts, expanding their therapeutic utility.
  4. Multicellular therapies : Combining different cell types in a single therapy can enhance its efficacy and address the limitations of monocellular therapies.
  5. Next-generation stem cells : The development of next-generation stem cell therapies with improved function, specificity, and responsiveness is expanding their therapeutic utility in various applications, such as drug delivery and tissue repair.

These strategies are expected to contribute significantly to the advancement of cell-based therapeutics, addressing the challenges faced by current therapies and paving the way for more effective and personalized treatments.

Intractable Diseases that could be treated with cell-based therapeutics.

Some examples of currently intractable diseases that could be treated with cell-based therapeutics include:

  1. Cancers : Cell therapies have shown promise in treating various types of cancers, such as leukaemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. For example, CAR T-cell therapy, which involves genetically modifying a patient’s T cells to recognize and attack cancer cells, has been approved for the treatment of certain leukemias and lymphomas.
  2. Autoimmune diseases : Cell therapies, such as mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy, have been studied for the treatment of autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. MSCs have been shown to have immunomodulatory properties, which may help reduce inflammation and improve symptoms in these conditions.
  3. Urinary problems : Cell therapies, such as bladder-derived stem cells, have been investigated for the treatment of urinary problems, such as bladder dysfunction and incontinence.
  4. Infectious diseases : Cell therapies, such as bone marrow transplantation, have been used to treat infectious diseases like severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, which are characterized by weakened immune systems.
  5. Neurological disorders : Cell therapies, such as neural stem cell transplantation, have been studied for the treatment of neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.

These are just a few examples of the many intractable diseases that could potentially be treated with cell-based therapeutics. As research and technology continue to advance, the potential applications of cell therapies are expected to expand, offering new hope for patients with various conditions.

What are the potential risks and side effects of cell-based therapeutics ?


Cell-based therapeutics have shown great promise in treating various diseases, but they also carry potential risks and side effects. Some of the potential risks associated with cell-based therapeutics include:

  1. Tumorigenicity: There is a risk that transplanted cells may form tumours or promote tumour growth.
  2. Immunogenicity : Transplanted cells may trigger an immune response, leading to rejection or other adverse effects.
  3. Infection : There is a risk of infection from the transplantation of cells, particularly if the cells are not properly screened or handled.
  4. Unintended differentiation : Transplanted cells may differentiate into unintended cell types, leading to unwanted effects.
  5. Side effects : Cell-based therapies may cause side effects, such as cytokine release syndrome, which can be mild or severe.
  6. Cost : Cell-based therapies can be expensive, and the cost may limit their accessibility to patients.

While the potential risks associated with cell-based therapeutics are a concern, they are being addressed through ongoing research and development. The development of safe and effective cell-based therapies requires careful consideration of the potential risks and benefits, as well as rigorous testing and regulatory oversight.

Conclusion : 

In conclusion, the ongoing advancements in engineering the next generation of cell-based therapeutics hold tremendous promise for revolutionising medical treatments. The integration of cutting-edge technologies, innovative methodologies, and a deep understanding of cellular biology opens new avenues for personalised and targeted therapies. As we navigate this frontier, collaboration between scientists, engineers, and medical professionals will play a pivotal role in translating these advancements from the laboratory to clinical applications, ultimately transforming the landscape of healthcare and offering novel solutions for a myriad of diseases and conditions.



[1] https://www.nature.com/articles/s41573-022-00476-6

[2] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35637318/

[3] https://www.nature.com/articles/s41573-020-0064-x

[4] https://www.med.upenn.edu/hgel/research-interests.html

[5] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8645794/


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