DrOmics Labs

Molecular Structure DataBase

Exploring Small Molecular Structure Databases: A Gateway to Chemical Insights

Small molecules, characterized by their low molecular weight (typically less than 900 Daltons), play a pivotal role in various scientific domains. Ranging from drugs and metabolites to hormones and neurotransmitters, these compounds offer a rich tapestry of organic and inorganic substances with diverse biological and pharmacological activities. Unraveling the mysteries of small molecules is made possible through the lens of small molecular structure databases, invaluable repositories of information detailing the chemical structures, properties, and functions of these compounds.

The Significance of Small Molecular Structure Databases

Small molecular structure databases are indispensable tools across different scientific disciplines, offering a wealth of benefits:

1. Drug Discovery and Development

Small molecular structure databases serve as treasure troves for researchers engaged in drug discovery and development. These databases aid in the identification of potential drug candidates, the design of novel compounds, optimization of drug properties, and prediction of both desired effects and potential side effects.

2. Metabolomics and Systems Biology

For researchers exploring the intricate metabolic pathways and networks that govern cellular, tissue, and organismal functions, small molecular structure databases are invaluable. These databases facilitate a comprehensive understanding of the dynamic relationships between small molecules and biological systems.

3. Chemical Education and Research

Small molecular structure databases are potent educational tools, aiding both students and researchers in exploring the intricate relationships between chemical structure and function. These resources contribute to a deeper understanding of the diversity and complexity of chemical structures.

Notable Small Molecular Structure Databases

Several prominent small molecular structure databases are available online, each catering to specific needs and applications:

1. Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) :-

Established in 1965, CSD stands as a comprehensive repository of validated small molecule organic and metal-organic crystal structures, housing over 1.25 million accurate 3D structures.

2. SMPDB (The Small Molecule Pathway Database) :-

Designed to support pathway elucidation and discovery in metabolomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and systems biology, SMPDB contains more than 30,000 small molecule pathways specific to humans.

3. PubChem :-

Maintained by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), PubChem is a vast database of chemical structures of small organic molecules, coupled with information on their biological activities.

4. Approved Drugs :-

An app housing over a thousand chemical structures and names of small molecule drugs approved by the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA), searchable by name, structure, and similarity.

5. ZINC :-

ZINC, a free database for virtual screening, boasts a collection of over 230 million commercially available compounds.

6. ChEMBL :-

With over 2.4 million compounds and 1.8 million bioactivity measurements, ChEMBL is a manually curated database of bioactive molecules with drug-like properties.

7. KEGG :-

Offering insights into biological systems, genomes, pathways, diseases, drugs, and chemical substances, KEGG contains information on over 18,000 compounds.

8. DrugBank :-

A comprehensive online database, DrugBank houses information on drugs and drug targets, featuring over 13,000 drug entries and 6,000 protein targets.

Choosing the Right Database

Selecting the appropriate small molecular structure database is crucial, considering the unique advantages and limitations of each. Researchers and students alike should tailor their choices to align with their specific needs and interests.

In conclusion, small molecular structure databases serve as indispensable tools for advancing knowledge in chemistry, biology, and medicine. These repositories empower scientists and educators to delve into the intricacies of small molecules, unlocking a deeper understanding of their roles in various biological processes and opening new avenues for scientific exploration.


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *